Coffee Production in Guam

Coffee is delicious. Most people love it and use it to start their morning and maybe even give them a boost in the afternoon. It gives a good boost of energy and is full of tannins, which are antioxidants. While it can cause high blood pressure and anxiety in large doses, moderate amounts of coffee is just delicious. One of the only drawbacks is that it can stain your teeth, even if you only have one cup a day. Luckily, there is a solution to that, which can be found at http://www.pearlywhytes.com/best-teeth-whitening-strips-reviews/. These whitening strips can help a lot with keeping your teeth gorgeous no matter how much coffee you drink.

Coffee production in Guam is a little different than coffee production elsewhere. For starters it does not get exported. It is limited to local consumption only and the local variety cannot be found anywhere else in the world. But coffee is easy to grow in Guam. It is well-adapted to the soil and requires little care from humans to thrive. Most families have their own cultivated patch in the 20th century and the coffee can grow on hills or even near sea level, in shade and in the sun without any problem. In the 20th century it was one of the most common plants found on Guam.

Coffee appeared to grow naturally in Guam. Coffee bushes surrounded houses, with fresh coffee beans sprouting from them. Seeds from the bushes would fall on people’s yards and grow naturally there. Because each family had enough coffee for their own consumption, there were no large plantations or coffee farms on Guam. The coffee here was also high quality coffee, known as coffea arabica.

The harvest from the coffee bushes were gathered, pulped and hulled by hand by the families who would later drink the coffee. They are roasted into beans and ground up into grinds.

In the 20th century, coffee production became a little more cultivated by locals. They would plant the coffee bushes in rows and put them in nurseries. However, they still required little effort because the plants transported easily and required very little water. They are planted in the rainy season and at first need to be shaded. When they are first planted, before they begin to grow, they are shaded by coconut leaves stuck in the ground at a slant. When they are young seedlings, they are shaded by banana trees, which need to be removed when the coffee plant matures. For the first one or two years after planting, other plants can be planted in between, like taro or maize. Weeding is done by a thrust-hoe, called a fosifo. Coffee disease is rare, but sometimes rats will eat them.

Unfortunately, fires have made coffee plants on Guam rare in present times. Almost 200 coffee plants planted in Piti village in the Masso region had been wiped out by a fire in the 1970s. However, in the same area, over 200 coffee bushes were planted and a few were reported to be sprouting. Now there are not as many coffee plants available. However, there are still nurseries with a few coffee plants and they appear to be sprouting. While the number of coffee plants have reduced greatly, the Director of the Department of Agriculture is hopeful about the survival of the species.

The local coffee plants in Guam make an excellent high-quality coffee. The number of coffee plants available are making a comeback. It is definitely a treat to drink coffee from these plants and well worth the trip to see the coffee harvesting process by hand.